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The Southern Pacific No. 4449 is a class GS-4 4-8-4 "Northern" type steam locomotive built by the Lima Locomotive Works in 1941.


Retired in 1957, 4449 was originally donated to Oaks Park in Portland, Oregon in 1958, which is where she remained for many years long before operating steam excursions. In around the mid 1970's, a idea was sparked up to hold a special event known as the American Freedom Train (AFT), this was to celebrate 200 years of America. There were various options of which locomotives to use, but when they came across the SP 4449, they decided to pick it to pull the majority of the AFT. In December 1974, 4449 was eventually moved from Oaks Park to undergo restoration (overhaul) by a preservation society due to it being in poor condition, which greenlit 4449 a chance to haul steam excursions by large donations and votes from volunteers due to 4449 being in such excellent condition after being restored. From August 1975 to December 1976, 4449 began her new career by having shared duties with Reading T1 No. 2101 and Texas and Pacific No. 610 pulling the American Freedom Train throughout the U.S during the bicentennial anniversary celebrations.

4449 is still in operation today at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center.


  • 4449 was painted black with light gray lettering when it was first preserved and retired (like with most of the other members), but eventually restored to its original "Daylight" scheme after hauling the American Freedom Train during the 1970's.
  • SP 4449 hasn't visited its original birthplace in over 40 years.
  • As a joke, the crew of the 4449 briefly renumbered 4449 to 845 and 844B during a "double-header" excursion with UP 844 back in 2007.
  • 4449 did several doubleheader excursions with UP 844 recently in 2007 and 2008.
  • Its top speed is 100 mph & its power output is 5,500 hp.
  • Southern Pacific No. 4449 made an appearance in the 1986 film Tough Guys dressed as the Gold Coast Flyer with Doyle McCormack as the engineer in the film.
    • A dummy of 4449 appeared in some of the scenes of the film.
  • SP 4449 has been paired-up with other steam locomotives operating special steam excursions.
  • In a photoshopped April Fools' image, SP 4449 wore a wood-burning smokestack.
  • In 1977, 4449 pulled an Amtrak special, the Amtrak Transcontinental Steam Excursion. After nearly two years on the road, 4449 was returned to storage in Portland, this time under protective cover and not exposed to the elements.
  • The American Freedom Train is a partial reason the SP 4449 is finished running today
  • SP 4449 is Called Tom and he does everything like the others.

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