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The KiHa 07 series, formerly known as the KiHa 42000 and KiHa 42500 series, is a Japanese diesel multiple unit. Built from 1934 to 1952 for JNR, the KiHa 07 series was widely used around Japan, although their use was diminished with the introduction of newer diesel cars and were all retired by 1969.

History[]

Built from 1934 to 1937 and again in 1952 by Kawasaki Sharyō (now known as Kawasaki Heavy Industries), Niigata Tekkō (now known as Niigata Transys), Nippon Sharyo and Tokyu Car Corporation (now known as J-TREC), the KiHa 07 series was the largest diesel railcar in use on the JNR at the time. The cars were also used throughout the war period.

The cars were slowly relegated to other private railways starting in 1955, with all KiHa 07 series cars on the JNR lines being retired by 1969.

Design[]

The cars have a slightly streamlined style and a single top-mounted headlamp; later locomotives use side-mounted headlamps.

Specifications[]

Construction is of steel. Each car is 19 meters long. The cars all use GMH17 prime movers; this prime mover would become the basis of the later DMH17 prime mover, which would become one of the most ubiquitous prime movers in use in Japan.

Incidents[]

The remains of 42056 after the incident as seen in January 1940.

On 29 January 1940, a three-car KiHa 42000 series set derailed near Ajikawaguchi Station on the Nishinari Line (some portions of which are now part of the JR West Sakurajima Line) at around 6:55am JST. The derailment was caused by the human error relating to the operation of a set of railroad switches, where a station staff member changed the points while the train was still on the railroad switch. This caused one of the wheels of the car affected, 42056, to straddle between the two rails and derail. The gasoline in the tank ignited and set the train ablaze shortly after. 189 people were killed and 69 were injured as a result, with two members of the station staff present during the incident given a two-year prison sentence due to negligence. A memorial was later erected at Ajikawaguchi Station to commemorate the incident and to remember those who lost their lives.

References[]

JGR/JNR rolling stock
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391
JR rolling stock
Shinkansen
Active JR West 500700N700W7N700S
JR East E2E3E5E6E7
JR Central N700N700S
JR Kyushu N700800
JR Hokkaido H5
Withdrawn JR West 0100300
JR East 200400E1E4
JR Central 0100300700
Future JR East E8
JR Central L0
JR Kyushu N700S
Non-revenue JNR Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
JR West Class 922Class 923WIN350
JR East Class 925E926ALFA-XFastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
JR Central Class 922Class 923300X
RTRI FGT-9000GCT01GCT01-200ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JR East rolling stock
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: E2E3E5E6E7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: ALFA-XE926
Commuter: 701719E721
Limited Express: E751
DC EMUs Commuter: 115E127E129E131205209211E217E231E233E235
Limited Express: 185253255E257E259E261E353
Non-revenue: 143145209-0
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415E501E531
Limited Express: 485651E653E657
Charter: E655
Non-revenue: E491E493
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 100KiHa 110KiHa E120KiHa E130
Charter: KiHa 141
Non-revenue: KiYa E193KiYa E195
AC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E801
DC BEMUs Commuter: EV-E301
Hybrid MUs Commuter: KiHa E200HB-E210GV-E400
Charter: E001HB-E300
Non-revenue: GV-E197
Other MUs Non-revenue: E991
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 200400E1E4
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 925Fastech 360SFastech 360ZSTAR21
Commuter: 715717
Non-revenue: 740743
DC EMUs Commuter: 12101103105107113123201203207215301E331
Limited Express: 157165167169183189251E351
Non-revenue: 90193901E993
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 417451453455457
Limited Express: 489583
Non-revenue: 441443497E991
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 58
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Hybrid MUs Non-revenue: KiYa E991E995
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: E8
Fuel cell MUs Commuter: FV-E991
JR West rolling stock
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: 500700N700N700SW7
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 103105113115117123125201205207213221223225227321323
Limited Express: 271281283285287289381
Non-revenue: 145
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415521
Limited Express: 681683
Non-revenue: 443
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 120KiHa 121/126KiHa 122/127
Limited Express: KiHa 187KiHa 189
Non-revenue: KiYa 141KiYa 143
Hybrid DEMUs Charter: 87
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922WIN350
DC EMUs Commuter: 4283101211
Limited Express: 165167183
Non-revenue: 9091213/223-9000441
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 419455457471475
Limited Express: 485489583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 33KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 45KiHa 52
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Non-revenue: KiYa 191
Future DMUs Commuter: DEC700
Non-revenue: DEC741
JR Central rolling stock
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700N700S
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 923
DC EMUs Commuter: 211213311313
Limited Express: 285373383
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 11KiHa 25KiHa 75
Limited Express: KiHa 85
Non-revenue: KiYa 95KiYa 97
Withdrawn AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100300700
Non-revenue Shinkansen: 300XClass 922
DC EMUs Commuter: 12103105113115117119123
Limited Express: 165371381
Non-revenue: 90145193
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 30KiHa 40
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 80
Future DC EMUs Commuter: 315
Maglevs Maglev: L0
DMUs Limited Express: HC85
JR Kyushu rolling stock
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700800
Commuter: 713811813815817821
Limited Express: 783787883885
DC EMUs Commuter: 103303305
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 415
Limited Express: 485
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 125KiHa 200
Limited Express: KiHa 71KiHa 72KiHa 183-1000KiHa 185
Charter: KiHa 125-400
AC BEMUs Commuter: BEC819
Hybrid MUs Commuter: YC1
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 715717
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 457475
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 58KiHa 65KiHa 66
Future AC EMUs Shinkansen: N700S
JR Hokkaido rolling stock
Active AC EMUs Shinkansen: H5
Commuter: 721731733735
Limited Express: 785789
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 40KiHa 54H100KiHa 141KiHa 150KiHa 201
Limited Express: KiHa 183 (KiHa 183-5200) • KiHa 261KiHa 281KiHa 283
Non-revenue: KiYa 291
Withdrawn AC EMUs Commuter: 711
Limited Express: 781
Dual-current EMUs Limited Express: 485583
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 22KiHa 45KiHa 130
Express: KiHa 56
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 183-5000KiHa 183-5100
Non-revenue: KiHa 160KiHa 285
JR Shikoku rolling stock
Active DC EMUs Commuter: 1131215000600070007200
Limited Express: 80008600
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 32KiHa 40KiHa 54100012001500
Limited Express: KiHa 1852000N200026002700
Withdrawn DC EMUs Commuter: 111
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 20KiHa 35KiHa 45
Express: KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 65
Limited Express: KiHa 181
Railway Technical Research Institute rolling stock
Active DC BEMUs LH02
Dual-current EMUs FGT-9000
Fuel cell MUs R291
Withdrawn Dual-current EMUs GCT01GCT01-200
Maglev ML100ML500ML500RMLU001MLU002MLU002NMLX01
JGR/JNR rolling stock
JGR Wooden-bodied EMUs Commuter: 1963625062606280628563006310634033400335004320063100
Steel-bodied EMUs Commuter: 303132334042505162637072
Express: 5280
Non-revenue EMUs Non-revenue: 793493
DMUs Constant mesh gearbox: KiHa 01KiHa 04KiHa 07KiHa 5000KiHa 40000
Diesel-electric: KiHaNi 36450KiHa 43000KiHa 44000
Miscellaneous: KiSaHa 04
JNR AC EMUs Shinkansen: 0100200
Non-revenue Shinkansen: Class 922Class 925Class 941Class 951Class 961Class 962Class 1000
Commuter: 711713715717
Limited Express: 781
DC EMUs Commuter: 101103105111113115117119121123201203205207211213301
Limited Express: 151153155157159161165167169181183185189381
Non-revenue: 141143145147191193443495791
Proposed: 187
Dual-current EMUs Commuter: 413415417419
Limited Express: 455485489583
Non-revenue: 591
DMUs Commuter: KiHa 08KiHa 10KiHa 15KiHa 20KiHa 31KiHa 32KiHa 35KiHa 37KiHa 38KiHa 40KiHa 45KiHa 54KiHa 66
Express: KiHa 55KiHa 56KiHa 57KiHa 58KiHa 60KiHa 65KiHa 90
Limited Express: KiHa 80KiHa 181KiHa 183KiHa 185
Non-revenue: KiYa 191KiHa 391
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